Theme 14. Cyberpsilogyandintelligence.

Cyberpsycology (Internet or Web-psychology psychology.) - Developing branch of psychology that encompasses all psychological phenomena associated with new technologies. "Cyber» (cyber) comes from "cybernetics, the study of control and communication operations"; Psychology studies the mind and behavior. Cyberpsycology is studying the characteristics of manifestations of the human psyche, its behavior and interaction with technology in the field of "human-machine", as well as the features of the virtual reality effect on the organization of a real life person. The study of the impact of computers and the Internet on the human scientists engaged in the early 90s of the 20th century (Kimberly Young, AyvenGoldberg, Voiskunsky AE et al.). At this time, the main research in cyberpsycology focused on the impact of cyberspace and the Internet on the psyche of individuals and groups. Most commented today cyberpsycology topic - this identity and self-presentation of users of online space, online relationships, personality types in cyberspace, transfer of personal emotions and experiences on cybersystems (computers, mobile phones, tablets, etc.), Addiction to computers and the Internet, regressive behavior in cyberspace, gender features of online communication, etc. However, despite the fact that at present the main empirical and theoretical research in cyberpsycology based on the use of the Internet, it also includes the study of the psychological consequences for humanity in the development of cyborgs, artificial intelligence and virtual reality. Although some of these issues may still seem a subject of science fiction, as practice shows, interdisciplinary research and discoveries in biology, engineering, mathematics and others gradually transfer fantastic assumptions to the plane of the of contemporary reality. That is why cyberpsycology one of the most promising areas of study of the mind and human behavior, save his mental and physical health in the coming cyber revolution.

Man in the information world.

Modern, unstable, information-rich world is constantly puts the person in crises, in which he is forced to find a quick solution and a way out of this situation. Man is constantly trying to find his footing ,find some academic, cultural, economic, civilizational landmarks in life, to rely on certain moral tenets and values in order to leave the crisis zone, find peace of mind and material welfare. But in such situations, each of us knows what the mind's arguments based on scientific knowledge, cultural and moral values are not always consistent with the human senses. Very often, the circumstances, which grew out of a certain situation, overgrown with lots of information details that are pushing us to actions, that are contrary to our conscience, to our sense of kindness, honesty, mutual aid. We can always point to a number of circumstances that prevented us to do good to another person. Help him in a difficult situation. Leaving him thus alone with its problems. The strength of the circumstances is always stronger than us, and we usually obey it. Out of the situation that is always challenging, ambiguous, and contradictory, in the direction of the "noble" and tend to "irrational" act, without any hope of success, reciprocal gratitude, compassion becomes a pipe of dream for us. In this cruel, cold, the information world, we have no right to such "aesthetic" weakness. The contradictory nature of our actions in difficult situations leads to the fact that we cannot distinguish well from bad, clearly delineate them, identify, understand that what preceded it. Often, in order to create good for one person (myself) we are forced to do evil or harm to another (everything else). And there is absolutely impossible to mathematically calculate the number of good and evil perpetrated in certain circumstances or to take into account all the circumstances of the action. You cannot fully take into account all circumstances infinitely intertwining of certain actions.



However, it is possible try to change the situation itself, which has to act. Try to humanize the circumstances of activity. Turn them out of power that poses on every individual in the necessary way of actions consistent with the interests of all other people. Organize a given quantity of the circumstances so that disappears the problem of choosing between good and evil, and counting their number with one party or another.

Dispassionate scientific prudence of modern information technology world looks skeptical, if not opposed to humanistic principles of human life. It's world - a world of "aggregate certain circumstances", or rather a certain way selected circumstances. World of manipulative techniques where a certain way selected information serves the interests of those in power. It is a world of ruthless competition that turns people into anyone: animals, robots, zombies; but not in spirituality being creative individuals. It is a world of infinite race for profits, success, career, wealth; roadside of which is paved always by losers, poor, marginalized, rejected. This colorful and empty world of private property for the units; and powerless, half-starved existence of millions of poor people. The moaning about the incoherence, inconsistency, the cruelty of this world from the humanistic intellectuals do not give results. At best, his outrageous and exposing the ugly ulcers of the modern world for a while, they draw attention to these problems, but do not even try to find out their roots and identify solutions. Those they simply unable to do. Abstract humanism lives in a "phenomenon" world. He is not able to solve the problems in principle. The only thing that it can - a point the finger. Externally, the noble, but helpless before the forces of all the same "circumstances", doomed to spell, humanistic positioned intellectuals, usually degenerates into a flowery phrase, itinerant from work to work. In addition, as an exception, sometimes breaking through the dense veil of information-constructed the virtual world of high art and science, in the form of an aesthetically painted anarchist riot. On the side of the powerful, the owners of it's biggest and most profitable part, as well as their servants - schemers and manipulators of information space, all these timid attempts cause only a condescending smile. For them, it is a bit of fun. Scientific prudence of the modern world and its other side - an abstract humanism, do not show a way out of crises, in which a person gets. Their presence probably justifies the hopelessness of human choice, programs it, rather than showing ways to overcome it. The only solution is to create such living conditions on the earth, at which would disappear hated problem of choice - a choice between good and evil; activity or inactivity; submission to circumstances or acts contrary to all the circumstances; personal or public interest; personal gain or collective damage, etc.



But without the help of science and man cannot do. The moral component in the relations between people can triumph only through science. In addition, in turn, science can develop along the path of world-historical discoveries only if it is oriented to the benefit of all, rather than individual, even the richest and most powerful of them. The elitism of science and scientific elite - it is the path of degeneration, not development. Nourish to science from the mighty of this world has recently become all the rage. The so-called elite understand and feel its force and struggling to tame the most outstanding and talented scientists, experimenters and organizers. Of course, in their own interests. This leads to the deification of science opportunities, especially in the field of information technology. The ability of science to create and transform knowledge in the form of information has become decisive. The people involved in this steel imagines himself the creator of everything. Society has become the informational. In addition, the owners of the information and the ways of its spread believed that they own everything morality, law, religion, politics, economics, government, man. Owners and creators of the information world to believe in their boundless power, that are they who build and subvert the political system, create a world-historical events, manage the human soul and activities of the huge masses of people, that they lead the world in motion. Ordinary people, of course, given to secondary importance - a sort of simpletons, little people, knows nothing and quietly pottering about in "his garden." Do not even imagine that in all its deeds and actions in pursuit of their small, private goals and interests they really do the designs of the owners and creators of information world. Embody their ideas, desires, and, of course, correct and infallible scientific ideas.

Science and the whole world of information created by the collective intelligence and the activities of all people throughout their historical development. Only because of certain socio-economic conditions and the active role of the individual representatives of these areas of human activity, together with the authorities, science and information world were "alienated" from those who have created them, and became mystified, divine power, that pressures on people. Now no longer science and information technology serve the people, their welfare and happiness, on the contrary, people get into their service. Or rather in the service of the owners, who got their hands on these spheres of human activity? People become obedient executors of the will of the owners: Tycoons, media moguls, scientists and political leaders, "reputable" scientists, sponsors, customers, etc. By itself, science and the information are neutral, devoid of any will. However, once in the possession of individual members of the human race, and standing on guard of their interests, they have become objects of deification and mystification. Hence, inevitably got all the qualities of the deities: despotic, intolerant of dissent, lack of self-criticism. These qualities became apparent from the mercenary priestly caste, whose functions included faithful service to owners, looking for the temple of science, "ordering" of information flows and speeches on behalf of the deities dressed in divine garments. Priestly caste of supervisors on behalf of science has taken over the world expressions and ideas that do not have exactly nothing to do with humanism, nor with the true scientific spirit. These ideas serve for the only one - the enrichment of both the priests of science, as well as their owners. Playing on the weaknesses and undevelopment of the human community, they quietly arrange their affairs. In addition, science and information technologies created by humans. They were and are a means, a tool for increasing human power over nature, measures to increase human happiness. In addition, if instead they begin to serve as a moral and physical oppression they maimed and mutilated people. If under their guise and with their help people destroy, it is evidence, primarily of anti-human nature of the relationship system in the human community. This system also distorts the relationship between science, information-driven world and man. The deification of any field of human endeavor, scientific or information, giving it an exceptional status, already contains a view of people as "material", "raw material" used in scientific production or mindless consumers of certain information. Not far away from this view left and abstract humanism, which draws an icon of "man in general" and prays to it, performing the same ritual deification. Nothing general it has the understanding of science as a form of realization of humanism, which is based on proven scientific, historical needs, the comprehensive development of all human beings without exception. Science and information technology may and just have to help in this process. They should help determine concrete historical essence of man and the world in which he lives and works, to find out the basic contradiction of its existence and the way to show its solution. They must show clearly and obviously, that a living person, with all its advantages and disadvantages, is the highest value on this planet. That is he with the same human beings as living now, and lived up to it are the creator of "alienated" forms, including science, information technology, and society, today called the name of these technologies - information. Not money, not car not a huge variety of products and forms "of property wealth", but the person - an ordinary man, one of the millions and billions living on this planet and at the same time all of them together as mankind and is the main value, they make the information society and for which science works.


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